Glossary

 
Alveolus
Dysmorphologist
Pigmented lesions
Alveolus cleft palate
Endoscopic surgery
Plagiocephaly
Apert's syndrome
Facelift
Positional head deformities
Bilateral
Giant congenital nevus
Proptosis
Birth marks
Hemangiomas
Pyogenic granulomas
Bone expansion
Hemifacial microsomia
Resorbable materials
Brachycephaly
Hypoplasia
Scaphocephaly
Cartilage
Lamboid suture
Saethre-Chotzen syndrome
Cleft lip
Lipectomy
Synostosis
Cleft lip and palate
Maxillofacial deformities
Torticollis
Cleft palate
Microtia
Tracheostomy
Congenital disorder
Neck lift
Trigonocephaly
Craniofacial disorders
Nevus sebaceum
Unicoronal suture
Craniofacial surgery
Orthodontist
Unilateral
Crouzon syndrome
Otolaryngologists
Vascular malformations
Cryotherapy
Pfeiffer syndrome
 
Dentofacial deformities
Pierre Robin Sequence
 
Alveolus: The bone in the upper front of the mouth from which teeth grow.

Alveolus cleft palate: A cleft palate involving the bone in the front of the mouth where teeth grow.

Apert's syndrome: A congenital disorder often characterized by craniofacial and limb abnormalities like fused cranial structure and fused fingers and toes.

Bilateral: Occurring on both sides.

Birth marks: Areas of abnormal skin coloration and/or elevation that are present at birth or appear a few weeks after.

Bone expansion: The use of external devices to elongate bones in areas where it is deficient.

Brachycephaly: Colloquially known as "flat head syndrome," a congenital disorder in which skull bones fuse prematurely, giving the head a wide and flat appearance.

Cartilage: A connective tissue in the body found in the nose and ears, can be harvested from one area to enhance areas that are deficient due to congenital disorders (ex: cartilage harvested from ear to enhance nose).

Cleft lip: A congenital disorder in which the upper lip has a small gap or indentation that often continues into the nasal opening.

Cleft lip and palate: Oral malformation in which the tissue in the roof of the mouth does not join properly resulting in a gap in the roof of the mouth and upper lip.

Cleft palate: Congenital disorder resulting in a split or opening in the roof of the mouth.

Congenital disorder: A malformation or condition existing before or at birth. Includes those that develop within one month of birth.

Craniofacial disorders: A group of deformities as a result of malformations in the skull and facial bones.

Craniofacial surgery: A subspecialty of plastic surgery that handles the repair of malformations in the skull and facial bones.

Crouzon syndrome: Genetic disorder characterized by premature joining of certain skull bones.

Cryotherapy: Often known as cryosurgery, the use of cold temperature to remove different types of skin lesions.

Dentofacial deformities: Malformations of the jaw, teeth, mouth, and lower face.

Dysmorphologist: A doctor specializing in the study of birth defects.

Endoscopic surgery: A less-invasive surgery in which a small camera is used to guide the surgeon so smaller incisions may be utilized.

Facelift: A cosmetic surgery procedure that tightens muscles and removed excess skin, reducing sagging skin and wrinkles around the mid to lower face.

Giant congenital nevus: A type of birth mark characterized by a round, brown or black patch that resembles a large birth mark.

Hemangiomas: Red or reddish-purple raised lesion on the skin, a type of birth mark.

Hemifacial microsomia: A congenital malformation of the lower half of the face, particularly the jaw, mouth, and ears.

Hypoplasia: Incomplete development of a tissue or organ.

Lamboid suture: A fusion of skull bones near the back of the head.

Lipectomy: Also known as liposuction, the surgical removal of areas of fat through suction.

Maxillofacial deformities: Malformations in the bones or soft tissue of the jaws and lower face.

Microtia: Underdevelopment of the outer ear structure

Neck lift: A cosmetic surgery procedures in which sagging skin under the chin is excised and tightened while excess fat is removed.

Nevus sebaceum: A type of birth mark characterized by a slightly raised, smooth surface that looks oily.

Orthodontist: A doctor specializing in the alignment of the teeth and jaw.

Otolaryngologists: A doctor who specializes in the diagnosis, treatment, and surgery of head and neck diseases.

Pfeiffer syndrome: A genetic disorder in which the skull bones fuse prematurely affecting the shape of the head and face. Can also affect fusion of bones in the hands and feet.

Pierre Robin Sequence: A congenital disorder characterized by an abnormally small jaw, can cause breathing problems.

Pigmented lesions: Marks on the body caused by high concentrations of melanin.

Plagiocephaly: Congenital disorder categorized by flattening of one side of the skull and asymmetrical head shape.

Positional head deformities: Malformations of the skull caused by a child lying or sleeping on one side of the head during the fusion of the skull bones.

Proptosis: A bulging of the eye as a result of a skull deformation

Pyogenic granulomas: Overgrowth of tissue, usually benign lesions.

Resorbable materials: Surgical materials (such as bone screws) that are made from substances that the body dissolves after a certain period of time.

Scaphocephaly: A congenital disorder resulting in the appearance of a long, narrow skull shape as a result of the premature fusion of skull bones.

Saethre-Chotzen syndrome: A congenital condition that affects the shape of the head due to premature fusion of skull bones.

Synostosis: The fusion of two bones.

Torticollis: A condition in which the head is tilted to one side while the chin faces another, due to the flexion and twisting of neck muscles.

Tracheostomy: A surgical opening in the neck to allow for breathing.

Trigonocephaly: A congenital disorder characterized by premature joining of the frontal skull suture, patients exhibit a triangular-looking forehead.

Unicoronal suture: The seam between the frontal and back skull bones.

Unilateral: Occurring on only one side.

Vascular malformations: Abnormal clusters of blood vessels that appear during development in the womb.
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